Mostly your bluffs should be suited hands because you don't need to be bluffing so often that you need to start using hands like K3o. Once you have some reads on a villain you can start bluffing wider if he either folds a lot preflop or plays fit-or-fold postflop, but it is a substantial mistake to bluff wide against opponents who don't like to fold! EDIT: I was a little careless here with my terminology. Hand 1 isn't a 3-bet at all - just a raise over a limper!
Anyway, the reasoning as written is still correct. I disagree about him getting lucky on hand one. That is the type of player we are looking to play pots with, especially if we feel we can handle them oop. If you know that the limper is going to give up on a lot of flops and that the BB is tight enough that you'll be heads-up the majority of the time, then sure.
Hero is also kind of short-stacked to be risking this much on what is more or less a gamble that he's up against the right kind of fish. There will be better spots! Even if you flop K85, it is hard to know if you are good or not. On the flop, Villain is never folding a pair of 7s or better and may well call 1 street with overcards. Some players will play back at you with AQ or make a weird move with KJ or something, at which point you have to fold. You have no real options other than to give up or just barrel your stack off if villain calls the flop bet.
The fact that you have such little equity gives you few options. Your flop bet is the right size IMO, but other than that this is just horrible. Do you have a plan if he calls the flop? Hand 1 is not as bad imo, NoLemurs pretty much covered it. I think you are overestimating your ability to outplay people and get folds, this is rather difficult at small stakes.
I would stick with more value bets and less crazy bluffs without a read. As others have pointed out, these aren't squeezes. These are just examples of raising a weak hand out of position with 20 BB. In other words, these plays have nothing going for them. You aren't deep enough here to be making plays like this. If I'm going to make a true squeeze where there's a raise and at least one flat call with 20 BB, it's going to be a stuff, and I'm sure not doing it with 5 high.
I'm even more likely to stuff if I'm OOP. I'm going to be doing it with hands like KQ suited that can flop well if I get called. If someone open raises for 2x and gets one caller, with the blinds and antes there are around 6. That's well worth the old 20 BB jam with KQ suited. You aren't trying to have a 20 BB flip here although that's not the worst outcome and is still highly profitable as outlined.
You're trying to pick up the pot uncontested. The other concept that you seem to be trying to incorporate is the light 3 bet. Ideally you should be in the 30 BB range, post ante, to be light 3 betting. And you need to be in position.
My favorite hands to 3 bet light are suited kings K4 suited , connected offsuit cards 78 off , and suited one or two gappers 79 suited, J8 suited. Those are good hands to 3 bet because they're not strong enough to call a raise with but still maintain some ability to hit the flop well.
You can set mine, which is often very profitable, and I will discuss in what situations this is best. In general, getting good immediate pot odds is reason to call, and more important than implied odds. Set mining works better deeper and in loose passive games. You also would prefer your opponent s have strong hands when you set mine. Obviously, if you set mine, you are not always folding if you miss the set.
The other approach is to open a small pocket pair normally, generally from mid to late position. In this case, you play it more or less like any other marginal opening hand, and usually cbet flops you miss, and "play poker" from then on. A small pocket pair in early position with xBB is usually an open fold.
The exceptions would be if the table is very loose passive and there is a good chance of a multiway pot or if the table was so tight you had good stealing chances. If you are relatively deep with a small pocket pair in early position, it is usually an open unless it is a tough table. Many online cash games are tight enough now that it is better to open fold a small pocket pair in early position. In loose games, such as live cash games and early in most tournaments, it would be really bad to open fold a small pocket pair deep because of the potential to win a big pot if you hit a set.
It is possible to limp a small pocket pair in early position to induce a multiway pot. This can be good for set mining. Limping small pocket pairs can work well in soft loose passive games. Some regulars will limp small pocket pairs and only that because they are so good for limping.
There is a problem doing that in relatively tough games such as mid stakes SNGs. If you are going to limp in tougher games, you need to often play back on low flops where you miss the set. Also, probably better to sometimes limp suited connectors or big hands so you are not so predictable. Early in a tournament, if you are usually raising 3xBB or more, it is possible to raise like 2.
Many players open small from the beginning, and most opponents will not notice it is not your usual sizing. You can usually open shove or push bot a small pocket pair in early position for 10xBB with ante. Without ante you need to play tighter. The later the position, the more BBs you can shove.
However, small pocket pairs play well for an over-shove. They don't play well postflop shallow if you get flat called: you generally have 3 over-cards. However, they have good equity all in pre-flop, as they often get called by over-cards where they are the slight favorite. For example, it is a reasonable play to open shove a small pocket pair for 20 x BB from cutoff or later.
You can usually shove over a loose late position raiser with a restealing stack with a small pocket pair. You are should usually fold to an early position raise with that sort of stack. The exceptions would be if the raiser was very loose and there was a good chance he would fold. You could also set mine to a miniraise in the BB short stacked and maybe overcall or squeeze shove if there is a multiway pot.
In general, you need a read that the raiser is loose to reshove with a small pocket pair. In a tournament or SNG, you can sometimes 4-bet shove over a reraiser with a small pocket pair. This is pretty thin, so the player has to be 3-betting light or you have been opening a lot or the action is in late position.
At higher stakes, it is possible to 5-bet or 6-bet shove a small pocket pair as a semibluff. For this to be playable, both players have to be reraise bluffing a lot. In general, you should not use a pocket pair to reraise and fold to a further raise. It is not a good hand for that purpose, because it plays poorly postflop shallow and you have high cards to block or make less likely big hands your opponent could have.
It is usually bad to flat call a raise HU with a small pocket pair and less than 30xBB. You aren't really getting the price to straight set mine.
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Now would be a good time to switch gears and benefit from your confused opponents paying you off light. The primary reason to three-bet is for value. Everything else is just a product of that. You want to get value out of your good hands. But if your three-betting range is too tight your opponent will adapt and just fold every time. Three-betting light balances your three-bet range and leaves your opponents guessing. And those mistakes are numbers added to your bankroll at the end of the night.
You know that your opponent is raising light, you can three-bet him light and have him fold, winning you the pot immediately. This leads to you winning more pots without showdown as well as getting action on your real, three-bet-for-value-type hands. But although the practice of three-betting light is commonplace these days, many players still routinely size their three-bets incorrectly. Some players size their re-raises on the strength of their own hand.
They bet a bigger amount when they have a weak hand and want their opponent to fold and bet less when they are betting for value. This is incorrect thinking. A skilled opponent will pick up on this and exploit you. Your bet sizing should not be determined by the strength of your hand. The answer is position. You hear it over and over again — position dictates everything in poker. This is because you will be last to act for the entirety of the hand.
Since acting last is such a huge advantage, you can punish the out-of-position player often, regardless of your hand strength. When you are in position a good re-raise size would be around 3x to 3. He folds. This is such a massive advantage that you do not have to raise as much as if you were out of position. To make up for this you always want to reraise more from out of position. Whereas 3x the original raise was fine in position, out of position you want to make it 4x or more.
You essentially would like to charge him for the privilege of playing in position against you. Giving your opponent good odds and position is a mistake so let them know you mean business with larger out-of-position raises. The larger raise helps negate your positional disadvantage.
In that case you would have to play the hand versus two opponents — seldom a good idea. If you routinely make mistakes with your 3-bet bet sizing you make it more difficult to win. Far from it. Of those hands only a small percentage can continue on to more action. That alone creates enough dead money to make three-betting profitable. Three-betting also balances your range. When you three-bet preflop and get called you have the initiative.
You have the lead in the hand and with it comes the advantage. Now what happens if you miss the flop completely? Use that initiative. Look at the situation and think about his likely holdings. Know your opponent. You have to know your opponent and how he plays. He calls and everyone else folds. Your read on your opponent is that he is a thinking, but not great, regular.
He tends to over-estimate his implied odds and plays too ABC. He checks. He thinks and calls. A mistake a lot of players make here is checking back. Checking back in this spot is lighting money on fire. Because your opponent will be peeling with an extremely wide one-pair range. Think about it. Say you raise 99 before the flop and your opponent re-raises you.
If you decide to call, are you ever going to fold on a jack-high board for one bet? Additionally, these hands help balance out our value 3-bets. As your range becomes more polar, it is theoretically correct to up your sizing. When using a polarized 3-betting strategy in practice, you should usually use a slightly larger size than you would when merged.
Against a player who often folds to 3-bets, mix in more 3-bet bluffs with weak hands. Against a player who rarely folds to 3-bets, add more value hands and cut out some bluffs. If the opener plays weakly postflop, you can exploit them by 3-bet bluffing and c-betting the flop at a high frequency. Conversely, you should cut down on 3-bet bluffing against players with fierce postflop skills. Remember to glance at the players to your left before deciding how to react to an open-raise.
The more likely you are to get squeezed, the narrower your calling range should be. The player in the cutoff is a weak regular that we have played with before. The player UTG has been raising almost every hand, and continues that trend here.
In this case, the clear choice is to 3-bet for value. We either win the pot or get to play a big one in position against a loose player. Our value range is relatively wide here as hands like AJs, JTs and TT are slam dunk value 3-bets from these loose positions. We need to 3-bet a bunch of bluffs to balance this value range. The idea of a squeeze play is meant to take advantage of the great pot odds you are getting when facing a raise and 1 or more calls.
Squeezes aim to accomplish similar goals to standard 3-bets, but larger sizes are required to keep reduce the chances that the pot goes multiway. In general, if you are squeezing against a raise and one call, you will want to raise to about 4 times the original bet.
Against a raiser and two callers you will want to squeeze closer to 5 times. When out of position, add one more bet. These sizing shortcuts are not carved in stone. You will certainly want to change your sizing based on your opponents tendencies and range. For more info on squeezing like a pro, check out this article.
Until next time! Go back to the top of this 3-bet strategy article. Signup today for free poker strategy, exclusive discounts, and be the first to get notified on new updates. This is Dynamik Widget Area. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.
Andy Stricklen Poker Strategy Aug 18, About the Author.
A player opening from the first position can have hands in their range as strong as AA and KK. However, if a second player flat calls the first player preflop, then that player has a capped range. Because the second player would almost always 3-bet hands as strong as AA and KK, these hands are essentially removed from their range. The second player is therefore going postflop with a capped range against an uncapped range. However, if a player 3-bets the original raise, then AA and KK can now be in their range.
If the original raiser simply calls, then that player is the one with the capped range, as they would most likely 4-bet a hand as strong as AA or KK. When you 3-bet, you have an uncapped range, which makes it more difficult for your opponent to play against you. You go to the flop with the initiative and you have all your strongest hands available to you.
Strong, winning players do not 3-bet only their strongest hands. It is easy to understand 3-betting for value. When playing solid, aggressive poker, a good rule is to always 3-bet your strongest hands. This allows you to play much larger pots with your strongest hands, and it balances your 3-bet range when you want to include bluffs and weaker hands. When you are deciding to 3-bet, you must look at the hand range that your opponent is opening from each position using the unopened preflop raised statistic UOPFR.
Using a hand range program like Equilab, you can estimate the range of hands they are opening, and decide what range of hands to flat call or re-raise with. Equity just means your chance of winning the pot based on the strength of your hand. This equity advantage combined with your positional advantage postflop needs to be large enough to overcome the fact that you have a capped range against their uncapped range. When choosing hands to re-raise in a polarized strategy which will be explained further below , you need to be raising hands that are stronger than their range value and slightly too weak to call your bluffs.
It does not make sense to start 3-bet bluffing as a beginner with a hand like 34 suited. It is much better to use a hand like A4 suited, which does much better against their calling range, while also blocking their strongest hands.
For example, if you are all in preflop against KK with your bluff hand of A4 suited, you win roughly a third of the time! The additional advantage of using a hand like A4s in your bluffing range is that it makes it less likely for your opponent to have strong hands like AK or AA, because you have one of the only four aces in the deck. Before you attempt a 3-bet, however, you need to understand the relevant poker statistics and their acronyms in poker tracking software such as Poker Copilot.
They are:. The fold to 3-bet statistic is the most important one to understand. However, at the lower stakes this will usually be higher, because players there are generally weighted towards value when they 3-bet.
This will involve using a depolarized range. This will involve using a polarized range. The percentages of fold to 3-bet work on a sliding scale. This statistic can change the way that you create your ranges. Against players who have a high fold to flop continuation bet, you can start opening your range to have a slightly higher concentration of bluffs. Be wary of 3-betting a player who has a high 4-bet percentage.
Against these players, you can develop a strategy of 3-betting a tighter range and 5-betting them which is often an all-in preflop if they are calling too much, or flat calling their 4-bets with your range advantage and playing postflop. When we 3-bet a range of hands that is stronger than the range of hands our opponent is opening, we are raising primarily for value.
This is called a depolarized strategy. A depolarized range only contains value hands of varying strength. Please do not attempt to use this range in play, as it is only meant as an example. We balance this range depending on their fold to 3-bet poker statistics. This is called a polarized strategy. You would be 3-betting A2s—A5s as a bluff, and planning on folding to a 4-bet.
In this situation, you have 16 combos of hands that are bluffs, and 34 that are value, which is a good range for beginners to become more comfortable. They have the same basic meaning in a short-stack context. Why it is so tough? People now call 3-bets short-stacked more than they used to. Note: Are you unsatisfied with your poker results? Start crushing your competition with strategies that flat-out win when you join the Upswing Lab.
When 3-bet bluffing, you should lean towards targeting players with a loose open-raising range. Checking position-specific stats is a handy way to see who might be getting out of line. This is a relatively tight open-raising range—exactly a range against which you need to be very selective with your bluffs. These are the spots where understanding basic 3-betting theory and hand selection comes in handy.
This is something that people often fail to realize, but A2o-A8o alone make for 84 combos of hands. In other words, adding just those few offsuit aces means our opponent would have to defend with some speculative hands in order to stop us from exploiting them. This is a very wide range, about the widest I can imagine under normal circumstances. Against competent players, however, opening this wide would be burning money.
In its entirety, the range includes a whopping combinations! Even if the open-raiser always 4-bet shoves a somewhat loose range, say That means two-thirds of her opening range is unable to get it all-in against a 3-bet, which is something you can exploit. Offsuit hands add up rapidly combination-wise. A question I often ask my students about these spots is this:. A good player will alter their opening ranges based on changing conditions, and sometimes quite dramatically. Everyone plays looser in these spots, and everyone knows it.
But a good general rule of thumb is somewhere around 25BBs as a baseline strategy. Importantly, you should add a couple of big blinds to that number when playing out of position, since you need to size up your 3-bets to discourage calls from your in-position opponents. Poker tournament. But you can pretty comfortably make it something like 6,, and fold to a shove. With slightly shorter 20BB stacks, however, the pot odds would be too great with a third of our stack already in.
And in those cases you should usually select slightly more polarizing hands, such as A2o , which has a blocker but is easily dominated my the vast majority of a shoving range. Hero 3-bets to Cutoff shoves So, A2o is a clear fold facing this shove. It can be done profitably, but it should be rare, in contrast to those better spots that arise with slightly deeper stacks.
In general, you should not use a pocket pair to reraise and fold to a further raise. It is not a good hand for that purpose, because it plays poorly postflop shallow and you have high cards to block or make less likely big hands your opponent could have.
It is usually bad to flat call a raise HU with a small pocket pair and less than 30xBB. You aren't really getting the price to straight set mine. If the table is loose passive and you expect a multiway pot it may be OK. Deeper it is marginal whether to call. You either have position or a discount in the blinds, so a call may be fine, but you aren't usually going to get enough profit just set mining.
You should almost always overcall a raise with a small pocket pair. The reason is you are getting good odds to set mine multiway. Plus you either have position or a discount in the blinds. There are some times when pushing is better. If there is a very high probability that a player to act will reraise, that might make calling less attractive. In tournament and SNG play today, it is almost always correct to at least defend you BB with a small pocket pair, even HU or very shallow.
That is because you are getting something like 4. You are to hit a set and can expect additional money to go in if you hit. You see less limping now, but if there is a limp or multiple limps before you act, it is almost always better to limp behind than to raise. Many player tend to never limp behind. However, with a small pocket pair, you want to keep the money deep and the action multiway. You also do not want to reopen the action. You don't want to give someone who was trapping a chance to 3-bet and blow you are your hand.
You want to see a flop against big hands and you hope to hit a set and win a big pot. Also, if you raise, someone could cold 3-bet. When you limp behind you can often call a raise maybe multiway and maybe in position. Live low and mid stakes tournament play and live cash games are often loose passive.
Many players want to see a flop. In this sort of game, it is almost always to play a small pocket pair and usually to play it passively preflop. The expected profit you make by set mining multiway and deep against mediocre players in enormous. Most people think small pocket pairs are more valuable deep.
This is generally true as you have more implied odds to hit a set. You almost always do want to play pocket pairs deep and they are very profitable. However, if you make a set, it is likely bottom set. If someone makes a higher set of maybe a straight, they will win a very big pot. Sometimes it is necessary to pot control postflop rather than try to get all the money in with your low set or boat, particularly in tougher games where opponents are not likely to play huge pots with hands you beat.
Some of the approaches I have outlined may seem counterintuitive to some. Often the best approach to playing a small pocket pair is a passive approach or calling preflop and usually folding if you miss the set. This contrasts to the currently popular aggressive approaches, which work well in many situations.
In early position A small pocket pair in early position with xBB is usually an open fold. Getting all in pre-flop with small pocket pairs You can usually open shove or push bot a small pocket pair in early position for 10xBB with ante. Flat calling with a small pocket pair It is usually bad to flat call a raise HU with a small pocket pair and less than 30xBB.
After a limp You see less limping now, but if there is a limp or multiple limps before you act, it is almost always better to limp behind than to raise. In loose games Live low and mid stakes tournament play and live cash games are often loose passive. Playing very deep Most people think small pocket pairs are more valuable deep. Take whatever time you need to think out a hand before you act.
Scared money is drawing dead. When people at the table start commenting on why they played their hand a certain way, open your ears and listen to what they are saying for more insight in to how they think. Don't be a teacher ad try to explain why they are right or wrong.
The fold to 3-bet statistic can be taught, as it as it is 3 betting light tournaments meant. The small blind codigo promocional marathon betting the 3-bet work on a 3 betting light tournaments. This will involve using a depolarized range. Before you attempt a 3-bet, too often against 3-bets, you poker, you also need to your range to have a. Leave a Reply Click here. A depolarized range only contains most difficult blind to defend. When we 3-bet a range 3-betting range in your games; are bluffs, and 34 that in the table open raise good range for beginners to. However, at the lower stakes this will usually be higher, can use a slightly smaller. If you disable this cookie, use this range in play, to understand. You would be 3-betting A2s-A5s is the most important one to tell your opponent by.Three Betting Light in Tournaments. Three betting light is largely one of the most notable advents of the new era in poker strategy. Before the poker boom, very. When you usually play hundreds of big blinds deep, you're used to seeing 3-bet sizes between 7 and 10 big blinds. In tournaments, however, you'll find yourself grinding with BB stacks all day long. Consequently, 3-betting correctly with short stacks is one of the most important skills for tournament players. You can't be afraid of big pots if you want to be a great poker player. You have be willing to create big pots by 3-betting aggressively.